The Front National (FN) in France

By Gilles Ivaldi and Jocelyn Evans

The Front National (FN) is one of the oldest populist radical right parties in Europe. It emerged from a coalition of small far-right groups in the early 1970s. The FN remained irrelevant until it made its first electoral breakthrough, winning 11 per cent in the 1984 European elections. Since the mid-1980s, the FN has received 9–18 per cent of the vote in French presidential and legislative elections, politicizing typical radical right issues like immigration and law-and-order. It has established itself as a major political actor in the French political system, but has nonetheless remained a political pariah isolated by the so-called ‘cordon sanitaire’ between it and the mainstream right.

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Sub-national context and radical right support in Europe

The research project SCoRE seeks to contribute to our understand of the link between sub-national differences and support for the radical right in Western Europe.

SCoRE is funded by the Open Research Area (ORA) program for the Social Sciences, a collaboration between the Agence Nationale de la Recherche (ANR, France), the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, Germany), the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC, UK) and the Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (NWO, The Netherlands).

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